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Artículo

Crossing the line: U.S. border agents illegally reject asylum seekers

Publicado el 4 de mayo de 2017
por B. Shaw Drake, Eleanor Acer y Olga Byrne. en Human Rights First. Fotografía de Getty Images/John Moore.
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In many instances, as documented in the report, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents have illegally turned away asylum seekers without referring them for the required protection screening. This includes a Mexican asylum seeker, who was reportedly told by border patrol that “[Christians] are the people we are giving asylum to, not people like you,” and a Salvadoran child of Christian pastors who witnessed the gang murder of his sister and was turned away after being told, “You cannot ask for asylum right now, you have to be put on a list.”

Today’s report is the culmination of Human Rights First research trips to the border regions of California, Texas, and Arizona, and the Mexican border cities of Reynosa, Matamoros, Nogales, and Tijuana, and is based on 125 cases of individuals and families illegally denied access to U.S. asylum procedures at U.S. ports of entry. Researchers spoke with asylum seekers, attorneys, non-profit legal staff, faith-based groups assisting refugees, and migrant shelter staff in preparing today’s report.

Human Rights First’s finding’s include:

  • The United States is unlawfully turning away some asylum seekers at official ports of entry across the southern border without referring them, as required under U.S. law and treaty  commitments, to asylum protection screenings or immigration court proceedings.
  • The United States and Mexico collaborated to block access to U.S. ports of entry and create an appointment system in Tijuana, Mexico that CBP agents continue to use as a reason to turn away asylum seekers.
  • Numerous attorneys, non-profit and private legal service providers, humanitarian workers, and shelter staff report that CBP and Mexican officials are telling migrants that the United States is no longer accepting asylum claims at its borders.
  • Asylum seekers turned away by CBP agents have been kidnapped, raped, and robbed upon return to Mexico, and some face continued risk of persecution.
  • CBP’s practice of turning away asylum seekers from established ports of entry leaves some with little choice but to attempt unauthorized and dangerous border crossings.
  • Even when CBP brings asylum seekers into the port of entry facility for processing, agents have in some cases pressured them to recant their statements expressing fear or have taken steps to produce statements falsely indicating no fear was expressed at all.

“These improper border rejections send the wrong message to countries around the world that are hosting the vast majority of the world’s refugees. The United States should provide global leadership by upholding, rather than violating, international law. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security must ensure that all border agents comply with U.S. law and U.S. treaty commitments,” added Human Rights First’s Eleanor Acer.

Clasificación

Nivel legislativo

País(es)
Estados Unidos

Tema(s) general(es)

  • Vigilancia migratoria en Estados Unidos
  • Asilo/Refugio
  • Tema(s) especifico(s)

  • Patrulla fronteriza
  • Antiinmigrante
  • Asilo
  • Frontera Norte
  • Ir a la nota fuente




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